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    The Moon Love dance (Khmer dance)
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    ពង្សសាវតាខ្មែរ (Karaoke Version)
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    Khmer Dance Preah Chen Vong ព្រះជិនវង្ស
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    Cambodian national anthem (TVK - full version)
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    Cambodia - Kingdom of Wonder 2010
 

Cambodia Map & Flag

   

Most of Cambodias people are Khmer, one of the oldest ethnic groups in Southeast Asia. They speak the Khmer language, which has its own alphabet. Most Khmer are farmers, laborers, or soldiers. Chinese make up the second largest ethnic group in Cambodia. A majority of Cambodians are Buddhists.

1. Overview

The Kingdom of Cambodia, with an area of 181,035 square kilometers, is located in South East Asia, on the south-western part of the Indochina Peninsula. The countrys maximum extent is about 580 km (east-west) and 450 km (north-south). It is bordered by Thailand on the west and north-west, by Lao PDR on the north, and by Vietnam on the east and south-east. Cambodia is bounded by the Gulf of Thailand on the south- west with a coastline that is 435 kilometers long.

Cambodia is known for its cultural heritage and the impressive Angkor temples represent the countrys major tourist attraction, with 2.2 million visitors in 2008. The temples were 9th and the 13th century and administrative Khmer Kingdom.

Situated between the Tropic of Cancer and the Equator, Cambodia has a tropical climate with two distinct seasons: the dry monsoon season from November to May and the humid, rainy monsoon season from June to October. Annual average temperature varies between 21 to 35 degrees Celsius, often reaching over 40 degrees in April, the hottest month. The landscape is dominated by the large Tonle Sap (Great Lake), as well as the Mekong and Bassac rivers that run through the countrys Central Plain. While some 75 percent of the country is flat, the more densely forested and sparsely populated highlands comprise the Cardamom Mountains in the southwest, including the country's highest mountain (Phnom Aural. at 1,771 meters) and the Dangrek Mountains in the north, along the Thai border. Administratively, the country is divided into 23 Provinces, 1 Capital, 159 Districts, 8 Khan, 26 Cities, 1,427 Communes, 204 Sangkats & 14,073 Villages.

Cambodia is now a member of most international organizations. In 1999, Cambodia became a full member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and joined AFTA (ASEAN Free Trade Agreement). To be fully integrated in the world economy, Cambodia becomes a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in September 2003.

Cambodia is a member of the United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. It is an Asian Development Bank (ADB) member, a member of ASEAN, and joined the WTO on October 13, 2004. In 2005 Cambodia attended the inaugural East Asia Summit.

2. Demography

The population number in 2008 has increased at 13,395,682 comprising 6,516,054 males and 6,879,628 females. The majority of the population is rural, with only 19.5 percent residing in urban areas. Cambodia's capital is Phnom Penh, with a population of 1,327,615. With an estimated annual growth rate of 1.54 percent, the population is expected to double within less than 30 years. 45.8% of the population is under the age of 20 and 67.9% of the male population is under 30. With relatively fewer adult men, about a quarter of Cambodia's households are headed by women. The population is predominantly Khmer (about 90%), with minorities made up of Chinese, Vietnamese, and Malay Muslims, along with some highlander from various tribal origins.

The official language is Khmer. French, once the language of government in Indochina, is still spoken by some older Cambodians. French is also the language of instruction in some schools and universities that are funded by the government of France. Cambodian French, a remnant of the countrys colonial past, is a dialect found in Cambodia and is sometimes used in government. However, in recent decades, many younger Cambodians and those in the business-class have favored learning English. In the major cities and tourist centers, English is widely spoken and taught at a large number of schools because of the overwhelming number of tourists from English-speaking countries. Even in the most rural outposts, however, most young people speak at least some English, as it is often taught by monks at the local pagodas where many children are educated.

The dominant religion, a form of Theravada Buddhism (95%), was suppressed by the Khmer Rouge but has since experienced a revival. Islam (3%) and Christianity (2%) are also practiced.

Population Growth


Population by age & gender 2008


Population by marital status 2008


3. Economy

The overall recent economic performance has been characterized by balanced contributions from agriculture, manufacturing, construction, tourism and services. Despite the global downturn, the Cambodia economy remains in good shape underpinned by a continue increase in investment in agriculture, broad base development of non-agriculture sectors, political stability, active private sector participation, reform efforts, increased official development aids and sustained foreign direct investment. According to the Circular on the Preparation of Budget Strategic Plan 2010 of the Royal Government of Cambodia, the economy still manages to grow around 2 percent and 3 percent in 2009 and 2010 respectively. These figures are tentative and based on conservative estimations. Source: Ministry of Economic and Finance.
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